Driftwood is a great addition to an aquarium. It gives your pets a place to hide and adds to your tank’s aesthetic. Driftwood is also a great way to grow plants in your aquarium. If you want to add driftwood, it is important to know how to prepare driftwood for your aquarium.
How to prepare driftwood for an aquarium?
The key to preparing driftwood for an aquarium is soaking it in water. Smaller pieces can be soaked in boiling water, while larger pieces can be soaked in tubs.
Soaking driftwood before putting it in your aquarium is a must for 3 main reasons:
- It helps destroy disease-causing microbes and bacteria
- Prevents your aquarium water from turning brown by removing tannins that are in driftwood
- Waterlogs the driftwood so that it sinks when you put it in your aquarium.
Now that you understand the importance of preparing driftwood, lets get started.
Step 1: Surface clean and scrub
Before you soak the driftwood in water, you should perform a surface level cleaning. You should remove any dirt, cobwebs, or bugs that might be present on the driftwood. For smaller driftwood you can use an old toothbrush, while larger pieces might require a bigger brush.
If you have a really large piece that you found outside, you can go even more extreme and rinse it with a power washer.
Whatever method you use, once the surface is cleaned off, you can move to step 2.
Step 2: Submerging the driftwood in water
The steps you take here will depend on the size of your driftwood. If you have a piece that can fit in a pot, you should do the boiling water method.
Boiling water method
Start by boiling a pot of water. Then, place the driftwood into the boiling water and let it sit for around 20 minutes. You might have to hold the wood down with a pot cover at first, because the air pockets will cause the driftwood to float. After a minute or two the wood should sink to the bottom.
After 20 minutes has passed, dump out the water.
You will probably notice that the water is brown. This is a good sign, as it means the brown tannins are being removed from the wood.
Now, pour more water into the pot, and add the driftwood again once the water starts boiling. Wait 20 minutes, and then dump the water out.
Now your driftwood is good to go, and you can place it into your tank.
If you have a piece of driftwood that sticks out when it is in the pot, you can follow the same steps above but just flip the driftwood over every 10 minutes.
Now if the driftwood is way too big for a pot, you will have to do the submerging method below.
How to prepare large driftwood for aquarium
For large pieces of driftwood, you should place them in a big bucket or carton and fill it up with water. There is a good chance the driftwood floats to the top, so you might want to weigh it down. You want to make sure that the entire piece of driftwood is submerged under water.
I also suggest you put some hydrogen peroxide into the bucket. It doesn’t matter how much, because the hydrogen peroxide dissolves pretty quickly, so it won’t be harmful by the time the driftwood enters your tank. Some people use bleach, but I advise against this because wood is very porous and some of the bleach can get trapped inside.
You should let the driftwood soak in the container for a day or two. You should notice that the water turns a brown color, which is a sign that you are cleaning the wood.
After a day or two, you should replace the dirty water with new water. I suggest that you put some water conditioner in the second batch of water, as it can help breakdown chlorine that is found in tap water.
You should wait another two days, and then your driftwood should be ready to go. Simply take it from the bucket and place it in your aquarium.
If you want to buy driftwood, you should read my article on the best driftwood for turtle tanks.
Other things to keep in mind
If your aquarium initially turns brown, there is no need to panic. The brownish color should be removed after the tank water cycles in a day or two. As long as you have a filter in your tank, your fish should be fine.
Be mindful of the places where you search for driftwood. Stay away from driftwood that is in insect-infested areas.
If you notice at any point in the process that your driftwood has any bugs or parasites in it, I suggest you choose another piece of driftwood. Many parasites can’t be seen by the human eye, so there still might be some hidden in the wood even if you think you’ve removed them all.
If you do notice parasites in your aquarium after you put the driftwood in, you should check out my guide on how to get mites out of a tank.
Whether you have fish or a turtle, driftwood is a great addition to your aquarium. Just make sure that you take the proper steps to prepare and clean the driftwood before you place it into your aquarium.